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This page is in the process of being developed and currently does not give an comprehensive overview of papers published in relation to GODAE from 1997 to present. Most authors listed below are or have been members of the International GODAE Steering Team) IGST.

[2009 2008, 2007, 2006 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002, 2001, 2000, 1999, 1998, 1997]

[In press, accepted, submitted]



De Mey, P., R. Proctor, B. Powell and G. Halliwell et al., 2009: Assessing the value of GODAE products in coastal and shelf seas, CSSWG Special Issue. Ocean Dynamics Special Issue, vol 59 (1) []



Chassignet, E.P. and H.E. Hurlburt, 2008: Global ocean prediction with the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). Mercator Quarterly Newsletter #31, pp. 5-12.

Hemmings, J.C.P., R. M. Barciela and M. J. Bell, 2008: Ocean colour data assimilation with material conservation for improving estimates of air- sea CO2 flux. JMR, 66:1

Hurlburt, H.E. and P.J. Hogan, 2008: The Gulf Stream pathway and the impacts of the eddy-driven abyssal circulation and the Deep Western Boundary Current. Dyn. Atmos. Ocean., 45, 71-101, doi:10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2008.06.002.

Hurlburt, H.E., E.P. Chassignet, J.A. Cummings, A.B Kara, E.J. Metzger, J.F. Shriver, O.M. Smedstad, A.J. Wallcraft, and C.N. Barron, 2008: Eddy-resolving global ocean prediction. In Ocean Modeling in an Eddying Regime, Geophysical Monograph 177, M. Hecht and H. Hasumi, eds. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, pp. 353-381.

Hurlburt, H.E., E.J. Metzger, P.J. Hogan, C.E. Tilburg, and J.F. Shriver, 2008: Steering of upper ocean currents and fronts by the topographically constrained abyssal circulation. Dyn. Atmos. Ocean., 45, 102-134, doi:10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2008.06.003.

Kara, A.B., E.J. Metzger, H.E. Hurlburt, A.J. Wallcraft, and E.P. Chassignet, 2008: Multistatistics metric evaluation of ocean general circulation model sea surface temperature: Application to 0.08° Pacific Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model simulations. J. Geophys. Res., 113, C12018.

Kara, A.B., A.J. Wallcraft, C.N. Barron, and H.E. Hurlburt, 2008: Accuracy of 10 m winds from satellites and NWP products near land – sea boundaries. J. Geophys Res., 113 (C10), C10020.

 Kara, A.B., A.J. Wallcraft, P.J. Martin, and E.P. Chassignet, 2008: Performance of mixed layer models in simulating SST in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 113, C02020, doi:10.1029/2007JC004250.

Lea, D. J., J.-P. Drecourt, K. Haines, M. J. Martin, 2008: Ocean altimeter assimilation with observational and model bias correction. Q.J.R. Met. Soc., 134, Issue 636, pages 1761–1774, October 2008, DOI: 10.1002/qj.320

Metzger, E.J., O.M. Smedstad, P. Thoppil, H.E. Hurlburt, A.J. Wallcraft, D. Franklin, J.F. Shriver, and L.F. Smedstad, 2008: Validation Test Report for the Global Ocean Prediction System V3.0 - 1/12° HYCOM/NCODA: Phase 1. NRL Memorandum Report #9148, NRL/MR/7320-2008-9148. [online at]

Oke, P. R., G. B. Brassington, D. A. Griffin and A. Schiller, 2008: The Bluelink Ocean Data Assimilation System (BODAS). Ocean Modelling, 20, 46-70, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2007.11.002. (

Oke, P. R., and P. Sakov 2008: Representation error of oceanic observations for data assimilation. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 25, 1004-1017. (
Sakov, P., and P. R. Oke 2008: Objective array design: Application to the tropical Indian Ocean. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 25, 794-807. (
Sakov, P., and P. R. Oke 2008: Implications of the form of the ensemble transformations in the ensemble square root filters. Monthly Weather Review, 136, 1042-1053. (
Sakov, P. and P. R. Oke 2008: A deterministic formulation of the ensemble Kalman filter: an alternative to ensemble square root filters. Tellus-A, 60A, 361-371. (
Schiller, A., P. R. Oke, G. B. Brassington, M. Entel, R. Fiedler, D. A. Griffin, and J. V. Mansbridge, 2008: Eddy-resolving ocean circulation in the Asian-Australian region inferred from an ocean reanalysis effort. Progress in Oceanography, 76, 334-365. (

Stark, J. D., J. Ridley, M. Martin, and A. Hines, 2008. Sea ice concentration and motion assimilation in a sea ice-ocean model, J.

Usui, N., H. Tsujino, Y. Fujii, M. Kamachi (2008a): Generation of a trigger meander for the 2004 Kuroshio large meander. J. Geophys. Res. 113, C01012, doi:10.1029/2007JC004266.

Zheng F., J. Zhu, 2008: Balanced Multivariate Model Error in the Ensemble Kalman Filter Data Assimilation for an Intermediate Coupled Model, JGR-Ocean. 113, C07002, doi:10.1029/2007JC004621.



Barron, C.N., A.B. Kara, R.C. Rhodes, C. Rowley, and L.F. Smedstad, 2007: Validation test report of the 1/8° global Navy Coastal Ocean Model nowcast/forecast system. Naval Research Laboratory, Stennis Space Center, MS, NRL/MR/7320--07-9019, 144 pp. [online at]

Barron, C.N., L.F. Smedstad, J.M. Dastugue, and O.M. Smedstad, 2007: Evaluation of ocean models using observed and simulated drifter trajectories: Impact of sea surface height on synthetic profiles for data assimilation. J. Geophys. Res., 112, C07019, doi:10.1029/2006JC003982.

Cao Y., J. Zhu, I. M. Navon, and Z. D Luo, 2007: A reduced order approach to four-dimensional variational data assimilation using proper orthogonal decomposition. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids. DOI:10.1002/fld.1365. 2007; 53:1571–1583.

Chassignet, E.P., H.E. Hurlburt, O.M. Smedstad, G.R. Halliwell, P.J. Hogan, A.J. Wallcraft, and R. Bleck, 2007: Ocean prediction with the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). J. Mar. Sys., 65, 60-83.

Fukumori, I., D. Menemenlis, and T. Lee, 2007: A near-uniform basin-wide sea level fluctuation of the Mediterranean Sea. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 338-358.

Haines, K. Ocean Data Assimilation. ECMWF Seminar series : Recent developments in the use of satellite observations in NWP, 3-7 Sept 2007.

Kamachi, M., Y. Fujii, S. Matsumoto, F. Hernandez, C. Maes, and T. Lee (2007): Present status of GODAE and CLIVAR/GSOP. Monthly “Ocean”, vol.39., 422-428. (in Japanese)

Kamachi, M. and N. Usui (2007): Ocean prediction with ocean model and assimilation. Operations Research, Communications of Operations Research Society of Japan. Vol. 52, 211-215. (in Japanese)

Kara, A.B., A.J. Wallcraft, and H.E. Hurlburt, 2007: A correction for land contamination of atmospheric variables near land-sea boundaries. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37 (4), 803-818.

Martin, M.J., A. Hines and M.J. Bell, 2007. Data assimilation in the FOAM operational short-range ocean forecasting system: a description of the scheme and its impact. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 133:981-995.

Menemenlis, D., I. Fukumori, and T. Lee, 2007: Atlantic to Mediterranean sea level difference driven by winds near Gibraltar Strait. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 359-376.

Metzger, E.J., H.E. Hurlburt, A.J. Wallcraft, J.A. Cummings, E.P. Chassignet, and O.M. Smedstad, 2007: Global ocean prediction using HYCOM. Proceedings of the HPCMP User Group Conference 2006, Denver, CO, 26-29 June 2006, pp. 271-274.

Oke, P. R., and A. Schiller, 2007: Impact of Argo, SST and altimeter data on an eddy-resolving ocean reanalysis. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L19601, doi:10.1029/2007GL031549. (

Oke, P. R., and A. Schiller 2007: A model-based assessment and design of an optimal mooring array for the Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate, 20, 3269-3283. (

Palmer, M., K. Haines, S. Tett and T. Ansell (2007) Isolating the signal of ocean global warming. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L23610, doi:10.1029/2007GL031712.

Shriver, J.F., H.E. Hurlburt, O.M. Smedstad, A.J. Wallcraft, and R.C. Rhodes, 2007: 1/32° real-time global ocean prediction and value-added over 1/16 resolution. J. Mar. Sys., 65, 3-26.

Zheng F., J. Zhu, R. Zhang, 2007: The Impact of Altimetry Data on ENSO Ensemble Initializations and Predictions, Geophysical Research Letters. 34, L13611, doi:10.1029/2007GL030451.



Barron, C.N., A.B. Kara, P.J. Martin, R.C. Rhodes, and L.F. Smedstad, 2006: Formulation, implementation and examination of vertical coordinate choices in the global Navy Coastal Ocean Model (NCOM). Ocean Model., 11 (3-4), 347-375.

Bingham R. and K. Haines, Mean Dynamic Topography: Inter-comparisons and errors. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London. 364, 903-916. doi:10.1098/rsta.2006.1745

Cao, Y., J. Zhu, Z. D. Luo and I. M. Navon, 2006. Reduced Order Modeling of the Upper Tropical Pacific Ocean Model Using Proper Orthogonal Decomposion, Computer Mathematics with Applications. 52,1373-1386.

Chassignet, E.P., H.E. Hurlburt, O.M. Smedstad, G.R. Halliwell, P.J. Hogan, A.J. Wallcraft, and R. Bleck, 2006: Ocean prediction with the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). In: An Integrated View of Oceanography: Ocean Weather Forecasting in the 21st Century, E.P. Chassignet and J. Verron, eds., Kluwer, pp. 473-478.

Chassignet, E.P., H.E. Hurlburt, O.M. Smedstad, G.R. Halliwell, A.J. Wallcraft, E.J. Metzger, B.O. Blanton, C. Lozano, D.B. Rao, P.J. Hogan, and A. Srinivasan, 2006: Generalized vertical coordinates for eddy resolving global and coastal ocean forecasts. Oceanography, 19(1), 118- 129.

Davey, M et al Multi-model multi-method multi-decadal ocean analyses from the ENACT project. (2006) CLIVAR Exchanges 11(3), 22-25.

Drecourt, J., K. Haines, and M. Martin (2006), Influence of systematic error correction on the temporal behavior of an ocean model, J. Geophys. Res., 111, C11020, doi:10.1029/2006JC003513.

Drecourt, J-P., K. Haines and M. Martin, Use of bias-aware data assimilation to improve the GOCINA mean dynamic topography, Proceedings GOCINA Workshop Luxembourg Vol 25, pp159-170.

Haines, K. and J. Blower, J-P. Drecourt, C. Liu, A. Vidard, I. Astin and X. Zhou. (2006) Salinity assimilation using S(T): Covariance relationships. Mon. Weath. Rev. 134, 759-771

Haines, K. and R.J. Bingham, Mean Dynamic Topographies (MDTs) in the GOCINA region. Proceedings GOCINA Workshop Luxembourg Vol 25, pp107-117

Kamachi, M., N. Usui, Y. Fujii, S Matsumoto, and T. Nakano (2006): On validation methods of assimilation product –GODAE metrics-. Monthly “Ocean”, vol.38, 528-535. (in Japanese)

Kamachi, M., Y. Fujii, S. Ishizaki, S. Matsumoto, T. Nakano, and T. Yasuda (2006): Recent movements of ocean data assimilation study related to climate change in the equatorial Pacific. Proceedings of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics. Vol. 54, No.2, 223-245. (in Japanese)

Kara, A.B. and H.E. Hurlburt, 2006: Daily inter-annual simulations of SST and MLD using atmospherically forced OGCMs: Model evaluation in comparison to buoy time series. J. Mar. Sys., 62, 95-119.

Kara, A.B., C.N. Barron, P.J. Martin, R.C. Rhodes, and L.F. Smedstad, 2006: Validation of interannual simulations from the 1/8° global Navy Coastal Ocean Model. Ocean Model., 11 (3-4), 376-398.

Kim, S. B., I. Fukumori and T. Lee, 2006: The closure of the ocean mixed layer temperature budget using level-coordinate model fields, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 23, 840-853.

Nakano, T., T. Kuragano, M. Kamachi (2006): Variability of ocean heat content in the North Pacific subarctic gyre. Monthly “Ocean”, vol.43, 113-122. (in Japanese)

Oke, P. R., P. Sakov, and S. P. Corney 2006: Impacts of localisation in the EnKF and EnOI: Experiments with a small model. Ocean Dynamics, 57, 32-45. (

Usui N., S. Ishizaki, Y. Fujii, H. Tsujino, T. Yasuda and M. Kamachi 2006: Meteorological Research Institute Multivariate Ocean Variational Estimation (MOVE) System: Some Early Results. Adv. Spa. Res., 37, 806-822. (in Japanese)

Usui, N., H. Tsujino, Y. Fujii, M. Kamachi (2006): Short-range prediction experiments of the Kuroshio path variabilities south of Japan. Ocean Dynamics, vol.56, 607-623, DOI 10.1007/s10236-006-0084-z

Wallcraft, A.J., E.J. Metzger, H.E. Hurlburt, E.P. Chassignet, Z.D. Garraffo, and O.M. Smedstad, 2006: Global ocean prediction using HYCOM. Proceedings of the HPCMP Users Group Conference 2005, Nashville, TN, June 27-30, 2005, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 231-233.

Zheng F., J. Zhu, Zhang R. H., and G. Q. Zhou, 2006: Ensemble forecast of ENSO using an intermediate coupled model. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L19604, doi:10.1029/2006GL026994.

Zhu J., Yan C. X., 2006: Nonlinear balance constraint in 3DVAR. Science in China (D), 49. 331-336.

Zhu J., G.. Q. Zhou, C. X. Yan and X. B. You, 2006, A three-dimensional variational ocean data assimilation system: Scheme and preliminary results,Science in China (D), 49(12),1212-1222.



In press

Bingham R.J., K. Haines and C.W. Hughes, Calculating the Ocean’s Mean dynamic topography from a Mean sea surface and a Geoid. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. 
Wan L., J. Zhu, L. Bertino, and H. Wang, 2008: Initial Ensemble Generation and Validation for Ocean Data Assimilation using HYCOM in the Pacific. Ocean Dynamics
Xie J.P., J. Zhu and L. Yan, 2008: Assessment and inter-comparison of five high resolution sea surface temperature products in the shelf and coastal seas around China, Continental Shelf Research
Xie J.P. and J. Zhu, 2008: Estimation of the Surface and Mid-Depth Currents from ARGO Floats and Error Analysis in Pacific. J. Marine System



Blower, J. K. Haines, A. Santokhee and C. Liu: Godiva2 - Interactive visualisation of environmental data on the web Submitted to Phil Trans Roy Soc.
Pimentel, S., K. Haines and N.K. Nicols: Modelling the diurnal variability of sea surface temperatures. JGR-Oceans
Pimentel, S., K. Haines and N.K. Nicols: The Assimilation of Satellite derived sea surface temperatures into a diurnal cycle model. JGR-Oceans
Usui, N., H. Tsujino, H. Nakano, and Y. Fujii (2008b): Formation process of the Kuroshio large meander in 2004. J. Geophys. Res.



Gemmell, A. G. Smith, K. Haines and J. Blower Validation of ocean model syntheses against hydrography using a new web application Submitted to J.A.O. Tech

Kim, S.B., T. Lee and I. Fukumori, 2006: Mechanisms controlling the interannual variation of mixed layer temperature averaged over the NINO3 region, J. Clim

Smith, G. and K. Haines: Evaluation of the S(T) assimilation method with the Argo dataset. Submitted to Q.J. Roy. Met. Soc.

(Last Updated: 07-12-2010)